Understanding The 5 Basic Types Of Inverters

| | ,

inverters

Inverters, or electronic circuit, is a device that alters direct current in one way to alternating current. The result of the alternating current obtained varies according to the specific device used. In the past, inverters were used primarily for the transmission of power from one circuit to another. Nowadays, inverters are also used in personal electronic appliances, such as mp3 players, laptops and cell phones.

In general, there are three types of low switching frequency inverters: direct switching inverters, bipolar direct inverters, and pulse alternating current (PAIC). The difference between these three types is merely the method for which current is switched. Direct switching inverters operate by opening and closing an electrical connection between the source of power and the load and completing the circuit once the connection is closed. The only current involved is that provided by the power inverter. On the other hand, the second type operates by passing current from the source of power to the load and completing the circuit when this current is again opened and closed.

Pulse alternating current (PAIC) inverters convert power supplied to the loads directly from DC sources into AC signals. As soon as an electrical load is attached, the inverter senses the load current and converts the AC signal into a direct current. This type of inverter is often incorporated within battery charging systems since the battery’s maximum voltage is much lower than the AC signal. This saves battery charge time and allows one to store more battery power for future use.

One of the main disadvantages of incorporating an inverter within the battery bank system is the fact that this inverter must be within proximity to an electrical outlet. In most cases, it is difficult to install an inverter within a battery bank due to the distance it must travel from the utility grid. This distance is usually about 100 feet or so. An inverter must also be mounted on roof tops, in order to be exposed to the utility grid.

Battery bank power systems utilize two inverters idling at the same time to balance the amount of energy supplied to the batteries. When the alternator is started, the battery bank powers the first inverter and then the second one. When the battery bank’s capacity is depleted, the power from the second inverter is used in order to maintain the battery charge. This is how a system like this is able to operate without drawing power from the utility grid. In addition, this type of system is capable of providing backup power for industrial and commercial applications in extreme conditions where the main utility grid is down.

These battery chargers are often used to power portable electronic devices such as flashlights and other energy saving devices. They are often used in military and firefighting units as well as emergency medical services. Battery chargers are generally three or four phase electric motors that are capable of producing enough energy for a small appliance. They can operate separately or in conjunction with each other. In some cases, they can also be used to provide backup electrical power in case there is an outage in the main utility grid. An inverter is required in order to convert the direct current produced by the DC battery into alternating current (AC).

There are five basic types of inverters that power different appliances. The main differences between these inverters include the inverter’s output power, the inverter’s size, the appliances it is intended to power and the amount of watts the device requires. The size of the inverter typically refers to the amount of watts, the unit can handle. Commonly, a device that requires approximately 1500 watts will require two inverters that have a combined maximum wattage of approximately sixteen hundred watts.

The fifth type of inverter is referred to as ‘idling’ and it has no active load. An idle inverter does not use power and is basically only used to maintain stability during power fluctuations. For most home installations, it is unnecessary. If your power system generates a large amount of intermittent power, then an idling inverter may be necessary to continuously monitor the power level and make adjustments where needed.

Jenn Fontana
Previous

The Role of Thermal Mass in Building Materials

Micro-Inverters Provide a Unique Solution For Modern Day Power Needs

Next
%d bloggers like this: