There are two general types of electric vehicles: electric vehicle (EV) and plug in hybrid electric vehicles (phEVs). EVs usually features a battery that can be recharged in an energy store. Many times the batteries are recharged when parked and is then ready to go when you start your car again. Plug in hybrids are another example of electric vehicles, where the electric motor is directly attached to the engine and can also be charged from the same energy store. The range of electric vehicles is almost unlimited.
The initial concept of electric cars was to produce an affordable alternative to petrol powered cars. The technology was slow to catch on, but now electric cars are a reality. The major advantage of electric cars over petrol powered vehicles is the very high cost of petrol. In fact, electric cars can be cost effective over a period of time. Thereby, electric vehicles offer a very appealing solution for those who are concerned about the high price of petrol and wish to save some money on their expenses.
However, electric vehicles offer other advantages as well, which make them all the more compelling. For one thing, they offer great flexibility for the user. Unlike petrol powered vehicles, it is very easy to replace the batteries of electric vehicles. Also, there is no pollution or smog since the engine of an electric vehicle does not generate any exhaust gases.
Moreover, there is very little wear and tear on electric vehicles. In addition to this, there are no springs or huge rollers that are used in the case of a petrol powered vehicle. Another advantage of a battery electric vehicles is that it is quite simple to fix and repair damages to its moving parts. Most of the damage problems can easily be fixed with the help of a screwdriver. Also, these vehicles do not suffer from the “fog of petrol”, which can affect the working of the engine.
One major disadvantage of electric vehicles is that they are limited by the laws of physics in two ways. The first is that they cannot go faster than 100 km per hour. Secondly, they can only travel at a rate which is determined by their battery electric systems. Thus, an electric car user will not be able to go faster than a certain speed depending on the system installed in his electric car. These limitations have made it impractical for many people to buy one of these cars.
In spite of these limitations, electric vehicles have come out with solutions to overcome these problems and to overcome the environmental pollution they emit. One such solution is the use of an electric car charger. This charger makes the use of the battery of the electric vehicles and charges it using energy supplied by external sources such as the sun or the air. Thus, one does not need to wait for the rechargeable battery to be completely drained before he can drive it again.
Another major problem faced by electric vehicles is the slow speed effect. In spite of the fact that electric motors produce very little power, they do not have a lot of torque. Thus, when these vehicles accelerate they move at a relatively slow pace. This causes a lot of problems when trying to accelerate or decelerate a vehicle. Electric motors are also limited in the number of times they can charge.
Most electric vehicles are also better suited for use in off-road applications than those powered by the internal combustion engine vehicles. Although both these engines produce power, they have different advantages. Internal combustion engines are better suited for smooth streets and smoother riding, while on the other hand, an electric phev has a much better torque, enabling it to run fast even on unpaved surfaces. Even on hilly terrain, these vehicles cope well with bumps and obstacles, allowing them to perform well. In conclusion, electric phevs are better suited for use in off-road applications than are petrol powered cars.